Learn how to modify the desu sentence ender while expanding upon the basic use of the X wa Y desu structure. Now is your chance to review and practice everything covered throughout this course.


Changing a Statement by Modifying (Desu, です)

It’s now time to practice using additional forms of desu to change the meaning of a statement. Below is a list of example phrases used throughout the video lesson.

see our ultimate guide to desu to learn how to use all forms.

kore wa kōhī desuこれはコーヒですthis is coffee
kore wa kōhī desukaこれはコーヒですかis this coffee?
kore wa kōhī dewa arimasenこれはコーヒーではありませんthis is not coffee (formal, written)
kore wa kōhī janai desuこれはコーヒーじゃないですthis is not coffee (semi-formal)
kore wa kōhī deshitaこれはコーヒでしたthis was coffee
kore wa kōhī deshitakaこれはコーヒーでしたかwas this coffee?
kore wa kōhī dewa arimasen deshitaこれはコーヒではありませんでしたthis was not coffee
kore wa kōhī dewa arimasen deshitakaこれはコーヒではありませんでしたかwas this not coffee?


Use the vocabulary below to build phrases to talk about the weather in Japanese using the x wa y desu structure. This vocabulary is also used throughout the video.

hareはれsunny day
kumoriくもりcloudy day
ameあめrainy day, rain
hiruひるnoon (from 12 – 3)
yuugataゆうがたtoward evening (3 – 6)
yoruよるnight or evening (6 – sunrise)
gozennごぜんmorning (12am – 12pm)
gogoごごafternoon (12pm – 12am)

Additional Phrase Examples

Review the bonus phrases demonstrated in the video lesson below.

JapaneseEnglishX = YDesu Variation
ima wa ame desunow it is raining.x = ima (now)
y = ame (rain)
desu (positive, present tense)
asa wa ame deshitakawas it raining this morning?x = asa (morning)
y = ame (rain)
deshitaka (positive, past tense, question)
1. asa wa ame deshita
2. demo gogo wa hare desu
1. this morning it rained, 2. but this afternoon it will be sunny.1. x = asa (morning)
y = ame (rain)

2. x = gogo (afternoon)
y = hare (sunny day)
1. deshita (positive, past tense)
2. desu (positive, present tense)


To solidify everything learned throughout this course, here are some ways you can practice.

  1. Practice modifying the phrase used throughout this course using the variations of desu in the chart above.
  2. Use the Japanese words above to describe the weather in Japanese using the x wa y desu structure.
  3. Note down daily triggers to practice using x wa y desu throughout everyday life using the Jappon practice sheet.
  4. BONUS – See the ultimate guide to desu to learn more.

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