Duolingo Japanese Time review study sheet. Learn to count in Japanese, state the time, and ask for the time.
Duolingo Japanese time review
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DUOLINGO TIME - STUDY GUIDE

All examples will be written in the following formats.

  • K: Kana (kanji, katakana).
  • H: Hiragana.
  • R: Romaji.
  • S: Structure of sentence.

 

 

KEY VOCABULARY

Hour or o'clock

  • R: ji
  • H: じ
  • K: 時
  • *place ji after a number to state it is (x) o'clock

Minutes

  • R: fun / pun
  • H: ふん / ぷん
  • K: 分
  • *place fun or pun after the number to state minutes.

AM

  • R: gozen
  • H: ごぜん
  • K: 午前

PM

  • R: gogo
  • H: ごご
  • K: 午後

Half Past

  • R: han
  • H: はん
  • K: 半

Around

  • R: goro
  • H: ごろ
  • K: 頃

Now

  • R: ima
  • H: いま
  • K: 今

Exactly

  • R: chyoudo
  • H: ちょうど
  • K: 丁度

PHRASES

STATING THE TIME (HOURS, MIN)

1:00 (stating the time of hour)

  • R: ichi ji
  • H: いちじ
  • K: 一時

It is, 1:00

  • R: ichi ji desu
  • H: いちじです
  • K: 一時です
  • *when desu is added to the end of a time statement, it means IT IS that time.

it is 3:15 (stating the time with hours and minutes)

  • R: san ji ju-go fun desu. 
  • H: さんじじゅうごふんです
  • K: 三時十五分です
  • S: number of hour + ji for o'clock + number of minute + fun/pun for minutes + desu

it is NOT 3:15  

  • R: san ji ju go fun dewa arimasen
  • H: さんじじゅうごふんではありません
  • K: 三時十五分ではありません

12 am

  • R: rei ji
  • H: れいじ
  • K: 零時

Now it is (half past) 5

  • R: ima wa go ji (han) desu
  • H: いまはごじです
  • K: 今は五時です
  • *Rather than saying san-ju pun (30 minutes) you can simply say han instead.

STATING THE TIME (DETAILS)

What time is it now?

  • R: ima, nanji desuka
  • H: いまなんじですか
  • K: 今何時ですか

(Now) it is 1:03

  • R: (ima) wa ichi ji san pun desu
  • H: いまはいちじさんぷんです
  • K: 今は一時三分です
  • S: (now) + wa + time (hour) + time (minutes) + desu

Now it is 5 (AM)

  • R: ima wa (gozen) go ji desu
  • H: いまはごぜんごじです
  • K: 今は午前五時です
  • S: (now) + wa + AM/PM + time + desu
  • *swap gozen (am) for gogo (pm) if desired.

It is (exactly) 7 o'clock

  • R: shichi ji (chyoudo) desu
  • H: しちじちょうどです
  • K: 七時丁度です
  • S: time + (exactly) + desu

It is (around) 12 o clock

  • R: ju-ni ji (goro) desu
  • H: じゅうにじごろです
  • K: 十二時頃です

NUMBERS AND COUNTING

BASIC NUMBERS (0 - 10)

NumberV1V2
0R: zero
H: ぜろ
K: ゼロ
R: rei
H: れい
K: 零
1R: ichi
H: いち
K: 一
2R: ni
H: に
K: 二
3R: san
H: さん
K: 三
4R: yon
H: よん
K: 四
R: shi
H: し
K: 四
5R: go
H: ご
K: 五
6R: roku
H: ろく
K: 六
7R: nana
H: なな
K: 七
R: shichi
H: しち
K: 七
8R: hachi
H: はち
K: 八
9R: kyuu
H: きゅう
K: 九
R: ku
H: く
K: 九
10R: juu
H: じゅう
K: 十

MINUTES (HUN, PUN)

NumberHUNPUN
1R: ip-pun
H: いっぷん
K: 一分
2R: ni-fun
H: にふん
K: 二分
3R: san-pun
H: さんぷん
K: 三分
4R: yon-pun
H: よんぷん
K: 四分
5R: go-fun
H: ごふん
K: 五分
6R: rop-pun
H: ろっぷん
K: 六分
7R: nana-fun
H: ななふん
K: 七分
8R: hap-pun
H: はっぷん
K: 八分
9R: kyuu-fun
H: きゅふん
K: 九分
10R: juup-pun
H: じゅっぷん
K: 十分

GROUPS OF TEN

Groups of 10

20 (2 + 20)

  • R: ni-juu
  • H: にじゅう
  • K: 二十
  • S: (number of group of 10) + (the number 10)

WITHIN GROUPS OF TEN

24 (20 + 4)

  • R: ni-juu yon
  • H: にじゅうよん
  • K: 二十四
  • S: (group of 10) + (number within the group)

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Arigatou Gozaimasu (ありがとうございます) for reading!

KyleJappon

Determined to learn Japanese to keep up with my international family.

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KyleJappon

Determined to learn Japanese to keep up with my international family.

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