Duolingo Japanese Walkthrough (Part 5 – Food)

Duolingo Japanese food
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FOOD - STUDY GUIDE

*See examples below for the Duolingo Food study cheat sheet. All examples will be written in the following formats.

  • K: Kana (kanji, katakana).
  • H: Hiragana.
  • R: Romaji.

 

 

KEY VOCABULARY

FOOD

Meat 

  • R: niku 
  • K: 肉 
  • H: にく

Vegetables

  • R: yasai
  • K: 野菜
  • H: やさい

Fruit

  • R: kudamono
  • K: 果物
  • H: くだもの

Apple

  • R: ringo
  • K: 林檎
  • H: りんご

Fish

  • R: sakana
  • K: 魚
  • H: さかな

Eggs

  • R: tamago
  • K: 卵
  • H: たまご

Rice, or Meal

  • R: gohan
  • K: ご飯
  • H: ごはん

BEVERAGE

Milk

  • R: gyūnyū
  • K: 牛乳
  • H: ぎゅうにゅう

Tea

  • R: ocha
  • K: お茶
  • H: おちゃ

Water

  • R: mizu
  • K: 水
  • H: みず

Alcohol

  • R: sake
  • K: 酒
  • H: さけ

ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY

Please (when ordering)

  • R: kudasai
  • K: 下さい
  • H: ください

Which (any amount)

  • R: dore
  • K: どれ
  • H: どれ

Which (between 2 objects) 

  • R: dochi
  • K: どっち
  • H: どっち

This (within reaching distance)

  • R: kore
  • H: これ

That (a few steps away)

  • R: sore
  • H: それ

That (far away, at least 10 steps)

  • R: are
  • H: あれ

VERBS

these forms of verbs are used to state whether or not you do eat or drink an item. Such as, I do eat sushi, or I will eat sushi later. More forms as an added bonus are described within the video.

To Eat (positive form) 

  • R: tabe masu
  • K: 食べます
  • H: たべます

To not Eat (negative form) 

  • R: tabe masen
  • K: 食べません
  • H: たべません

To Drink (positive form)

  • R: nomi masu
  • K: 飲みます
  • H: のみます

To not Drink (negative form)

  • R: nomi masen
  • K: 飲みません
  • H: のみません

PHRASES

ORDERING

Which will you eat?

  • R: dore wo tabemasuka
  • K: どれを食べますか
  • H: どれをたべますか

(This) and (this) please. (used when pointing to item on menu)

  • R: kore to kore wo kudasai.
  • K: これとこれを下さい
  • H: これとこれをください 
  • S: object + to + object + wo + kudasai
  • replace kore with sore or are, depending on distance.

(Fish) please.

  • R: (sakana) wo kudasai
  • K: 魚を下さい
  • H: さかなをください
  • S:  (object) + wo + kudasai
  • replace fish with whatever you wish!

QUESTIONS, STATEMENTS

Do you eat (vegetables?)

  • R: (yasai) wo tabemasuka
  • K: 野菜を食べますか
  • H: やさいをたべますか
  • S: (object) + wo + verb (question form)

I eat (vegetables.)

  • R: (yasai) wo tabemasu
  • K: 野菜を食べます
  • H: やさいをたべます
  • S: (object) + wo + verb

I don’t eat (vegetables.)

  • R: (yasai) wa tabemasen
  • K: 野菜は食べません
  • H: やさいはたべません
  • S: (object) + wa + verb (negative form)

What is (this?) 

  • R: (kore) wa nan desuka?
  • K: これは何ですか?
  • H: これはなんですか?
  • S: (kore, sore, are) + wa + nan desuka

Is this (tea?)

  • R: kore wa (ocha) desuka
  • K: これはお茶ですか
  • H: これはおちゃですか
  • S: (kore, sore, are) + wa + (object) + desuka

This is (tea.)

  • R: kore wa (ocha) desu
  • K: これはお茶です
  • H: これはおちゃです
  • S: (kore, sore, are) + wa + (object) + desu

MULTIPLE LIKES, DISLIKES

I eat (vegetables) and (meat).

  • R: (yasai) to (niku) wo tabemasu
  • K: 野菜と肉を食べます
  • H: やさいとにくをたべます
  • S: (object #1) + to + (object #2) + wo + verb (positive form)

I don't eat (vegetables) and (meat). 

  • R: (yasai) to (niku) wa tabemasen
  • K: 野菜と肉は食べません
  • H: やさいとにくはたべません
  • S: (object #1) + to + (object #2) + wa + verb (negative form)
  • The wa particle is used in the negative form rather than wo. This implies more of a statement and also implies there are other things you do eat instead.

I drink (coffee) and (alcohol).

  • R: (kohi) to (osake) wo nomimasu
  • K: コーヒーとお酒を飲みます
  • H: こーひーとおさけをのみます
  • S: (object #1) + to + (object #2) + wo + verb (positive form)

I don't drink (coffee) and (alcohol).

  • R: (kohi) to (osake) wa nomimasen
  • K: コーヒーとお酒は飲みません
  • H: こーひーとおさけはのみません
  • S: (object #1) + to + (object #2) + wo + verb (positive form)
  • The wa particle is used in the negative form rather than wo. This implies more of a statement and also implies there are other things you do drink instead.

TABLE MANNERS

Let's eat! (spoken before eating)

  • R: itadakimasu!
  • K: 頂きます
  • H: いただきます
  • This phrase is spoken everywhere, before eating any meal or snack.

Thank you for the meal. (spoken when finished eating)

  • R: gochisousamadeshita.
  • K: ご馳走様でした
  • H: ごちそうさまでした
  • WARNING! If you say this while looking at someone before paying the bill, you are implying they are paying for you. So be careful! Either look at your plate, or at the person who had provided you the meal willingly.

Please (making a request)

  • R: onegaishimasu
  • K: お願いします
  • H: おねがいします

COMING UP NEXT - TIME.

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  • Keep up your hard work!

Arigatou Gozaimasu (ありがとうございます) for reading!

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