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Duolingo Japanese Home – Section Guide

Click to watch the Duolingo Japanese Home Section Tips Video.

For those of you working your way through the Home Section of Duolingo Japanese. Here is a study guide I have prepared to review the phrases and common vocabulary from this section.

KEY VOCABULARY

EnglishRomajiKanaHiragana
Houseieいえ
Kitchendaitokoro台所だいどころ
Bathroom(Where you see a toilet)toireトイレといれ
Yard, Gardenniwaにわ
Roomheya部屋へや
Bathofuroお風呂おふろ
Windowmadoまど
Bedroomshinshitsu寝室しんしつ
To Have, There is (Object)arimasuあります
To Have, There is (Living Thing)imasuいます

KEY PHRASES

THERE IS, THERE IS NOT

There is a dogThere is not a dog
R: inu ga imasuR: inu wa imasen
H: いぬがいますH: いぬはいません
K: 犬がいますK: 犬はいません
S: object (living) + ga + imasuS: object (living) + wa + imasen

There is a bathroomThere is no bathroom
R: toire ga arimasuR: toire wa arimasen
H: といれがありますH: といれはありません
K: トイレがありますK: トイレはありません
S: object (non-living) + ga + arimasuS: object (non-living) + wa + arimasen

There are dogs and cats
R: inu to neko ga imasu
H: いぬとねこがいます
K: 犬と猫がいます
S: object (living) one + to + object (living) two + ga + imasu

WHERE, HERE, IS

Where is the bedroomThe bedroom is here
R: shinshitu wa doko desukaR: shinshitu wa koko desu
H: しんしつはどこですかH: しんしつはここです
K: 寝室はどこですかK: 寝室はここです
S: location + wa + where + desukaS: location + wa + (here, there, over there) + desu

It is there
R: asoko ni arimasu
H: あそこにあります
S: location + ni + there is

IT IS, IT IS NOT

it is a bathtub
R: ofuro desu
K: お風呂です
H: おふろです
S: subject + desu (positive form)

It is not a bathtub
R: ofuro dewa arimasen
K: お風呂ではありません
H: おふろではありません
S: subject + desu (negative form)

It is a cat
R: kore wa neko desu
K: これは猫です
H: これはねこです
S: this + wa + subject + it is (positive form)

It is not a cat
R: kore wa neko dewa arimasen
K: これは猫ではありません
H: これはねこではありません
S: this + wa + subject + it is (negative form)

DO YOU HAVE, I HAVE

Do you have pets?
R: petto wa imasuka
K: ペットはいますか
H: ぺっとはいますか
S: subject + wa + to have (question)

I have a dog
R: inu ga imasu
K: 犬がいます
H: いぬがいます
S: subject + ga + to have (living)

Is there a chair?
R: isu wa arimasuka
K: 椅子はありますか
H: いすはありますか
S: subject + wa + to have (question)

COUNTING WITH WA

*The wa counter is used for counting birds and rabbits.
There Are Two Birds
R: tori ga ni wa imasu
K: 鳥が二羽います
H: とりがにわいます
S: subject + ga + number of subject + counter type + imasu

There Are Three Rabbits
R: usagi ga san wa imasu
K: 兎が三羽います
H: うさぎがさんわいます
S: subject + particle + number of subject + counter type + imasi

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